Index to paper mills, and other Oxfordshire mills, mentioned on this site

Index to papermill interests covered by (or of potential interest to) the research interests of Bob Kirby. These mills have formed part of the investigation of several family trees (for which more detail is provided) and families at several of them were, as one might expect, interelated. Some other nearby papermills are listed.

Mill  Name Location
(sorted alphabetically by county and place)
Source of water power Earliest and latest dates of evidence of paper production mentioned here
Drayton MillBuckinghamshireWest Drayton,River Colne1696 (first leased to a paper-maker)1923 (ceased production)
East Hagbourne MillBuckinghamshire (formerly Oxfordshire)East Hagbourne--TBD----TBD----TBD--
South Moreton MillBuckinghamshire (formerly Oxfordshire)South Moreton--TBD----TBD----TBD--
Thorney Mill Buckinghamshire.  Thorney, Iver.Frays River? (River Colne) 1823 (in production) --TBD--
Little Barrington MillGloucestershireLittle Barrington,River Windrush1809 (in production)1846 (ceased production)
Quenington Papermill Gloucestershire Quenington,River Coln 1748 1876
Clatterford Mill Hampshire Clatterford, Carrisbrook, Isle of WightSpring fed 1710 (converted for paper) 1756
Drayton Mill (possibly = Thorney Mill, Iver)MiddlesexWest DraytonFrays River (River Colne)1696 (first leased to a paper-maker)1923 (ceased production)
Broughton Mill Oxfordshire BroughtonSor Brook Not before 1696, but already active by 1795 --TBD--
Port Mills Oxfordshire Burford River Windrush None None
Witney Street MillOxfordshireBurfordRiver WindrushNoneNone
Deddington Mill (aka Baker's Mill,  Oxfordshire DeddingtonRiver Swere None None
Adderbury Grounds Mill (aka Deddington Papermill) Oxfordshire DeddingtonRiver Swere 1684 (converted for paper) 1851 (dormant)
Eynsham Mill (aka Ensham Mill) Oxfordshire  Eynsham (aka Ensham) River Evenlode 1682 (converted for paper) 1891 (financial collapse)
Hampton Gay Mill Oxfordshire Hampton GayRiver Cherwell 1681 (converted for paper) 1875
Hazelford Mill Oxfordshire Hazelford (a lost village near Broughton)Sor Brook --TBD-- --TBD--
New Mills Oxfordshire Rotherfield Peppard, Henley-on-ThamesRiver Thames Abt 1786 (rebuilt as a papermill) 1903 (in operation)
Henley Papermill Oxfordshire Henley on ThamesRiver Thames --TBD-- --TBD--
North Newington Mill Oxfordshire North NewingtonSor Brook 1684 (converted) 1851 (in production)
Sandford-on-Thames Papermill Oxfordshire
Sandford-on-ThamesRiver Isis (=River Thames) 1826  1970s
Shiplake Papermill Oxfordshire
Shiplake--TBD-- --TBD-- --TBD--
Hinksey Stream Papermill Oxfordshire South HinkseyHinksey Stream 1675 (started, see Hinksey Stream for history) 1775 (in production)
Weirs Stream Papermill Oxfordshire South HinkseyWeirs Stream
South Moreton Papermill Oxfordshire South Moreton--TBD-- --TBD-- --TBD--
Upton Mill Oxfordshire UptonRiver Windrush 1679 (in production?)  1835 (bankruptcy)
Widford Mill Oxfordshire WidfordRiver Windrush 1745 (in production) 1854 (in production)
Wolvercote Papermill Oxfordshire
Wolvercote--TBD-- 1674 (in production) --TBD--
Grey Mill Warwickshire Wootton WawenAlne 1677 (in production) 19th C (in production)

The Oxfordshire papermaking expansion of 1680-85

Oxfordshire experienced a rapid expansion in its number of papermills over the relatively short period 1674-1685, a period that roughly coincides with the influx of Huguenot refugees from France, amongst whom were many papermakers. By 1681 there were said to be 100 papermills in England (Foreman, 1983, pg 71). King Louis XIV considered these Protestants communities a threat to his Catholic authority and in the 1680s their privileges were steadily eroded, whilst some saw active persecution (by the billeting unruly troops in their homes). When, in 1685, Louis revoking of the Edict of Nantes, all French  Protestant pastors were exiled. Whilst their laiety were forbidden to follow them, many did. The paper makers amongst those who fled in anticipation of persecution or as refugees, brought with them the secrets of making a better quality white paper, kickstarting an expansion in English papermaking. The Huguenots tended to settle in discrete areas such as Spitalfields, London and Bristol, Somerset. The grant of a Charter from James II. in 1686 to " The
Governor and Company of the White Paper Makers of England." marked something of a milestone . At that time the company had only five mills in the country and fifteen members, many of whom were refugees (Portal, 1902, 24).

Oxfordshire connections with other paper making areas

There is evidence of connections between the paper makers of west Oxfordshire and those of Kent (particularly the Maidstone area) and Surrey.

Medway area of Kent

Charles LOCK appears to have been baptized at Eynsham on 4 July 1736. He served 5 and a bit years of a seven year paper making apprenticeship at Woolvernett (Wolvercot Paper Mill?). He then became a journeyman until he finally settled in Snodland Kent, on the Medway just north of  Maidstone (Ashbee, Papermakers of Snodland)

On the 1851 Census a papermaker called  Thomas BARKER was lodging with Robert HOLLIDAY at the Corn Mill in Witney. Thomas was born abt 1813 in Maidstone Kent.

Harris (1976) mentions a reference to HATTON as paper maker at Widford in 1803 that he found amongst the private papers of BALSTON, of Springfield Mill, Maidstone

I have also come across a report of an unnamed (and unverified) family of paper makers who were reported to have migrated (via London) from Bampton, Oxon., to St Mary Cray (about 10 miles E of Maidstone) in Kent.

Cobham area of Surrey

One Daniel WEST of Cobham, Surrey, papermaker married Mary PALMER of Burford in Burford, Oxon., (14 Jun 1749).  At around the same time Thomas HATTON first appeared in that area (1748).

Fennemore and paper making links

The rather unusual name Fennemore occurs in north Oxfordshire, and references to it on the 1881 census provide an interesting insight into the potential links between paper making areas.

Edward FENNEMORE, aged 74 and born in Berkshire, paper maker, is recorded at London Road, Wycombe, along with his daughter Mary Anne FENNEMORE, aged 34, who is employed at Paper Mill, and born in Iver, Bucks.

John FENNEMORE, aged 32, paper maker, is also recorded at London Road, Wycombe. He was born in Iver, Bucks, but married Sarah A, who was born in Wycombe, Bucks.

Henry FENNEMORE, aged 55, paper maker, was born in Chillworth [sic Chilworth], Surrey (site of another paper mill) and moved to Thorney Bucks, where his wife Sarah was born. They are living at Thorney Cottage, Iver, Bucks.

James FENEMORE, aged 49, miller, was born in Hampton Gay, Oxfordshire (site of another paper mill), but was then in Upton Cum Chalvey, Bucks.

Bibliography



 
Any transcripts and images on this page are Copyright R I Kirby 2007 unless stated otherwise.