Not yet summarised.
Parents and family
From his marriage certificate his father was Alfred
. From the marriage date and the census details his mother is
assumed to be Phoebe C STEVENS.
From 1939 Register this was in on 6 Aug 1876 and earlier census records
suggest the Epping area. The probable birth registration is Ernest Henry
Hicks, Sep Qart 1875, Epping 4a 144.
Childhood and education
On the 1881 Census the family were living at Pump Hill, Loughton, Essex.
At that time the family comprised -
- Alfred HICKS, Head, M[arried], 38, General Labourer, Essex, Saling
- Phoebe HICKS, Wife, M, 30, , Essex, Wansted
- Alfred HICKS, Son, , 7, Scholar, Essex, Epping
- Ernest H. HICKS, Son, , 5, Scholar, Essex, Epping
- Herbert J. HICKS, Son, , 4, Scholar, Essex, Epping
- Florence S. HICKS, Daur, , 2, , Essex, Epping
- Edward G. HICKS, Son, , 1, , Essex, Epping
- John P. HICKS, Son, , 1m, , Essex, Epping
The 1891 Census lists him immediately after the Kings Head, Loughton,
Essex. At that time the family comprised:
- Alfred HICKS, Head, M[arried], 47, Coal Labourer, Employed, Essex,
- Phœbe C. HICKS, Wife, M, 40, , , Essex, Wansted
- Alfred W. HICKS, Son, S[ingle], 17, Gardners Domestic, Employed,
- Ernest H. HICKS, Son, S, 15, Baker's Boy, Employed,
- Herbert J. HICKS, Son, S, 14, Baker's Boy, Employed, Essex, Epping
- Florence S. HICKS, Daur, , 12, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Edward G. HICKS, Son, , 11, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Phœbe L. HICKS, Daur, , 8, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Arthur G. HICKS, Son, , 7, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Elizabeth F. HICKS, Daur, , 5, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Sarah A. HICKS, Daur, , 2, , , Essex, Loughton
Marriage to Ellen Sharp
On 25 December 1895 (Christmas Day), Ernest married Ellen Sharp
GREGORY in the Parish Church of the parish of Loughton. The details from
the registration are -
Ernest Henry HICKS, aged 20, bachelor, Carman, resident of Loughton.
Son of Alfred George HICKS, Labourer.
Bride: Ellen Sharp GREGORY, aged 20, spinster, no occupation, resident
of Buckhurst Hill. Father not given.
In presence of Alfred HICKS & Florence HICKS.
On the 1911 Census it was a requirement to record the total number of
children born to woman, how many were still living, and how many had died.
Ellen recorded five living and one who had died. As they appear to have
been in Loughton throughout that period there are several candidate, but
the most likely seems to be Albert John HICKS, born 1897 and died 1899,
aged 1 (registered Dec. quarter of 1897 in Epping), as he would have been
their first child and named after both his grandparents.
On the 1901 Census he was at High Road, Loughton, Essex. At that time
the family comprised:
- Ernest Henry HICKS, Head, M[arried], 25, Grocer's
Assistant, worker, Essex, Epping
- Ellen S. HICKS, Wife, M, 25, , , Wilts, Swindon
- Ethel M. F. HICKS, Daur, , 4, , , Essex, Loughton
- Ernest Henry HICKS, Son, , 2, , , Essex, Loughton
- Frederick K HICKS, Son, , 11m, , , Essex, Loughton
His parents family were living just a few doors away on the High Road.
On the 1911 Census the family is at 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex. At
that time the family comprised:
- Ernest Henry HICKS, Head, 35, M[a]r[rie]d, Assistant
Grocer, Epping, Essex
- Ellen Sharp HICKS, Wife, 35, M[a]r[rie]d [for] 15
[years], 6 children born alive, 5 still living, 1 died, Swindon,
- Ethel May Florence HICKS, Daughter, 14, , Loughton, Essex
- Ernest HICKS, Son, 12, , , [no place of birth given]
- Frederick HICKS, Son, 10, , , [no place of birth given]
- Albert HICKS, Son, 7, , [no place of birth given]
- Percy Stanley HICKS, Son, 3, , [no place of birth given]
- Kathleen Allen RENDER, Daughter, 4, , Dumnow, Essex
A HICKS descendant reported a tradition that this couple had two
children who died in infancy. The second birth would have to have had to
have been after the 2 April 1911 Census at which time they only reported
the death of one child. From Sept 1911 the mother's maiden name is shown
on the Birth Registers. There are no HICKS births with a mothers maiden
name of GREGORY in Epping after that date.The next in Essex is in the
1980s. The child would therefore have to have been born after 2 April
1911 and before Oct 1911. There are no Essex death registrations that
fulfil those criteria. It is likely that it was a stillborn child as
such a birth would not be registered
The child who died has not yet been identified. A likely candidate,
based on Ernest's father's name, would be the Alfred John HICKS whose
death, aged 1 and in the Dec. quarter of 1897, was registered in Epping.
The First World War years 1914-18
Various papers are available as part of Ernest's service record. The
details are presented below.
A statement of service document gives the following details
||Battn or Depot
||Promotions, reductions, casualties etc
|Deemed to have been enlisted
|Called up for service
||7 May 17
|J. W. Coy
|330th (H.S.) Works COMPANY
|(H.S.) Works COMPANY
|(H.S.) Works Coy
||Appointed pd: Ld complete establishment
From other forms it appears the transfer to 330th was on 12 May 17, so he
was barely in his assigned company for more than a few days. 330th was
part of the Labour Company. The Labour Corps was manned by those who had
not achieved the “A1” medical rating needed for front line service, but
grew to comprise about 10% of the army. Few records remain for its
activities and researching them is complicated. Some suggest that it was
the practice to issue any medals under the original company rather than
Army Form B 178 (Medical History), completed on 16 Mar 1917 at
Stratford, provides a medical snapshot prior to Ernest enlisting.
From this we know:
- Birthplace: Epping, Essex
- Age: 40
- Trade or occupation: Carman
- Height 5'6 1/4"
- Weight: 110lb
- Chest expanded 34 1/2" with 2" range of expansion
- Physical development: Fair
- Eyesight R 6/18 L 6/36
- History of Recent Pneumonia
- Some Myocardial Weakness
- That he was at some point transferred from 19 J. W. Coy to 330th
(H.S.) Works Company
Table II shows that he was admitted to hospital or the sick list as
- 26/7/17, CIII by T.M.B.
- Dec 20 1917 No. 2 T.M.P Category BII Orford Suffolk
- Innoculation refused 5/12/18
His disciplinary record was clean. And was certified as having no entry at
Walton, Felixstow, on 20 Feb 1919, by W. J. Russell
Army Form B.2153 Record of Service Paper was for men deemed to be
enlisted. It give the following details:
- No. 177892.
- Name: Ernest Henry Hicks
- Corps: 19th J. W. Coy
- Full address: 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton
- British subject: yes
- Age: 41 years 9 months
- Trade or calling: Jobbing Gardner
- Served before: no
- Preference for branch: A.S.C.
- Do you want to serve in the navy: no
- The solemn declaration is dated 7 May 1917 and made at Epping before
- Medical classification: B II
- The approval, dated 8-5-17, and made at Warley by C R Walters,
appointed him to 19th J. W. Boy.
The reverse has a descriptive report on joining which gave the following:
- Height 5'6"
- Chest fully expanded 34 1/2" with range of expansion of 2"
- Nest of kin: Ellen Sharp Hicks of 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex,
- Wife's maiden name, place and date of marriage and current
residence: Ellen Sharp Gregory; Parish Church Loughton, 25 Dec 1895;
145 Smarts Lane Loughton.
- Particulars as to children
- Albert Arthur, 18th April 1903, Loughton
- Kathleen Allen (surname Render), 10th Sept 1906, Loughton
- Percy Stanley, 27th July 1907, Loughton
11 November 1918 marked the end of the war.
On 22 Feb 1919 a 28 day Protection Certificate and Certificate of Identity
was issued at No 1 Dispersal Unit, Purfleet, for Henry Hicks, which gives
the following details:
- Regtl. No.: 177892, Rank: L/Cpl, unit: looks like R Surrys, Regt. or
Corps: Labour C
- Pay office: P Heringham
- Address for pay: 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex
- Theatre of war: Eastern
- Born in year: 1875
- Medical category: B2
- Place of rejoining in case of emergency: Sutton
Army Form B.103 (Casualty Form - Active Service) gives some chronological
details for his service (as it records transfers and changes in rank as
well as casualties)
- T.M.B. 20-12-17 / No. 2 T. M. B. / B2
- 23-9-18 / No. 11 T.M.B. / B2 9 months
- Posted to 330 (HS) Works Coy [obscure word] from Depot Essex, Warley
12-5-17 / W J Russel Lt
- 330 (HS) Works Company / Appointed Pd L/Cpl / Orford / 9-3-18 / W J
- Walton, Felixstow 20 Feb 19 Proceed to Purfleet for Demobilization
Author No 2. Area / W J Russel Lt
On 14 Feb 1919 a Statement of Disability was issued, confirming that he
did not intend to make a claim. It gives the following:
Unit: 330th (H.S.) Works Company
Regiment or corps: Labour Company
Regtl. no.:177892, Rank: L/Cpl
Name: Hicks, Henry
Permanent address: 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex
Date joined: May 6 / 17 at Warley
Medical condition in which joined: C II [sic]
Return to civilian life
In Oct 1918 the appointment of one Ernest H Hicks at Woodford Green is
listed in the British Postal Service Appointment Books. (British Postal
Museum and Archive; Series: POST 58
.) The London Gazette
of 4 February 1919 (pg. 1829) published an entry for "Ernest
Henry Hicks (Woodford Green)" in its section on "Certificates issued,
etc.", listed under the appointments for January 24 1919, "Under
Clause 7 of the Order in Council of 10th January, 1910", and
sub-subsection for "Postmen." In the case of Ivy
, the gazette entry followed her appointments book entry
and at this time Ernest senior.'s son of the same name had still not
been demobilized from the army, so both entries probably refer to Ernest
In 1922 tragedy struck the family as both of his parents and one of his
aunts died within days of one another.
Kathleen Allen RENDER was always known in the family as Kit HICKS and was
an informally adopted daughter. Her Parents were Maud and Frances RENDER
and she was Christened at St Mary the Virgin, Little Easton, on 28 Sep
In later years Ernest, and most of his family lived in Staples Road with
one or two venturing into adjacent streets. Their houses were small two
bedroomed terraced cottages with tiny back yards. Staples Road was rather
lower class housing than much of the rest of Loughton. A few pictures
|L to R, top to
Here the family are pictured outside their 'front room' shop. I
believe that this was taken in Staples Road.
- Ivy HICKS
- Fred? HICKS
- Ethel HICKS
- Kit HICKS
- Ellen Sharp HICKS (nee GREGORY)
- Ernest Henry HICKS snr
to R, top to bottom
Some shop stock just showing in the window behind
- Frederick HICKS?
- Ernest Henry HICKS jnr
- Albert HICKS?
- Ernest Henry HICKS snr
|Outside a later version of the shop.
L to R, top to bottom
Ethel lived with Ellen and Doll lived just over the road.
- Doll HICKS
- Ethel HICKS
- Kit HICKS
- Ellen Sharp HICKS (nee GREGORY)
|Ernest Henry HICKS snr with a delivery van
(which family recollections suggest was his)
On 1 Jul 1927 his son referred to himself on an official document as
Ernest Henry HICKS Jnr. This implies that his father was still alive at
The entry for Loughton in Kelly's Directory for 1925 lists "Hicks
Ernest H. greengrocer, 145 Smart's lane and 23 York hill." (Pg 403)
On 7 Jun 1928 he is referred to on the Marriage Certificate of his son
Ernest Henry HICKS. His occupation is given as Greengrocer.
The entry for Loughton in Kelly's Directory for 1929 lists "Hicks Ernest
H. & Sons, greengros. 145 Smart's la. & 23 York hill." (Pg 330)
The 1939 Register contains the following at 7 England's Lane, Chigwell,
- HICKS, Ernest H, , Male, born 6 8 76, Married, Shop
- HICKS, Ellen S, , Female, born 25 4 76, Married, Unpaid
Last Will and Testament
According to one of his grandchildren who has a copy, 'this is
self-written on a form which was probably bought locally and was probably
never used, although it was witnessed by some neighbours. However he
clearly states that his beneficiary is to be his wife Ellen Sharpe Hicks.'
1940. Registration is Ernest H. HICKS, aged 64, Epping, Jun Quarter, Vol
4a, pg 601
The Chelmsford Chronicle carried the
LOUGHTON FAMILY'S MISFORTUNES
The Thursdays of 1922 have been tragic
in the lives of the Hicks family, who have
resided in Loughton for many years.
On New Year's Day Mrs Hicks died,
and was buried on the following Thursday.
On that day her sister died. On the next
Thursday her daughter, Nurse Hicks, the
only certified maternity nurse in the
district, also died, and on Thursday in
last week her husband died. Nurse Hicks
succumbed to pneumonia, her death un-
doubtably being caused by her devotion to
So pronounced has been the sympathy
that a public subscription has been opened
for the family, the Vicar of Loughton and
Dr. Pendred being the treasurers”
Chronicle, Essex, England. 27 Jan 1922, Page 5 Col 4
Descendants and notable relations
Frederick K. Hicks
On 26 Jul 1963 Fred Hicks was awarded the Imperial Service Medal. In the
same year he retired from the Post Office after more than 29 years
A clipping of the following death notification was found in the family
archives (the publication details were not given, but he died in 1975):
HICKS, Frederick.--His Wife,
Brother and Sisters thank
all family and friends for
cards, letters, beautiful
floral tributes and kindness
shown. Especially all doc-
tors and nurses who atten-
ded during his illness. Till
we meet again. -- Doll.
Another clipping, annotated with the date March 18th 1975, reads:
OLD Loughtonian Frederick
Hicks, for many years a post-
man in Loughton and Wood-
ford Green, died last week in
St Margaret's Hospital, aged
Mr Hicks of ForestRoad,
was born in Loughton and
attended Staples Road School,
where he won a prize for per-
He and his wife, Dorothy,
lived in Loughton all their
married lives, first in Smarts
Lane and then in Forest Road.
During Mr Hick's [sic] service with
the Post Office he was award-
ed the Imperial Service Medal.
He retired in 1970.
A funeral service was held
at St Mary's Church, Lough-
ton, on Monday, followed by
cremation at Pardon Wood.
The notice of her death, published in 1978, reads:
“HICKS, Ethel. - Passed away
peacefully atWestern House
Hospital, Ware, on February
Albert Arthur Hicks
In his youth Albert was a keen athlete and reports of his successes may be
found in the Chelmsford Chronicle, e.g. :
- 14 Jan 1927, placed 26 in a cross country match, " A. A. Hicks,
Loughton A.C., 52.55"
- 15 Jun 1928, "A. A. Hicks, Loughton A.C." was one of the winners in
his event in the County Sports;
- 5 Oct 1928, "Loughton A.C. opened
their cross-country season Saturday, 47 turning out. The mile run in
was won by: Seniors, A. A. Hicks;
novices, L. Law."
- 21 March 1930, in a 5 mile cross-country event, "Order finish: 1, A.
A. Hicks,* Loughton,
- 14 May 1930, "Loughton A.C. won an
inter-club miles road race on Saturday. The chief placings were: 1, A.
- 11 Mar 1932, "Loughton A.C. (61 beat
Essex Beagles (87 points) in a 4½ miles road-running match at Loughton.
First three : 1, A. . A. Hicks. Loughton. 26 min. sec."
- 17 Feb 1933, "A. A. Hicks, Loughton
A.C., was 19th, in 51-17"
25 Dec 1925, the Chelmsford Chronicle carried a note that "Loughton
St. Mary's travelled Woodford and defeated Woodford Bridge 4-1. Percy Hicks
, right-half, sent a nice pass to Stead,
who placed across the goal mouth for S. Willingale open the score after
To be continued
Easily confused individuals
There is another Ernest H HICKS born a few years later but descended from
another Loughton HICKS family, also another father and son duo
who look superficially like this Ernest and his father.
- The 1881 census has another Ernest Henry Hicks born in 1878 in
West Ham. He is son of Thomas HICKS born 1853 in West Ham (a Dock
Wharfinger) who in turn was the son of a Henry HICKS born in 1809 in
Loughton (and still in Loughton in 1881). Henry was a
- The 1881 census has an Ernest HICKS born in 1878 in Barking to
an Alfred HICKS (born 1841 in Barking and a general labourer).
That Alfred happens to be the namesake and born in the same year
as Ernest's father (who was born in Bardfield Saling).
Any transcripts and images on this page are Copyright R I Kirby 2005
unless stated otherwise.