Ernest Henry Hicks born 1875 in Epping, Essex

For related information see List, Place Index and Wills Index

Ernest Hicks Senior


Not yet summarised.

Parents and family

From his marriage certificate his father was Alfred George HICKS. From the marriage date and the census details his mother is assumed to be Phoebe C STEVENS.


From 1939 Register this was in on 6 Aug 1876 and earlier census records suggest the Epping area. The probable birth registration is Ernest Henry Hicks, Sep Qart 1875, Epping 4a 144.

Childhood and education

On the 1881 Census the family were living at Pump Hill, Loughton, Essex. At that time the family comprised -


The 1891 Census lists him immediately after the Kings Head, Loughton, Essex. At that time the family comprised:

Marriage to Ellen Sharp Gregory

On 25 December 1895 (Christmas Day), Ernest married Ellen Sharp GREGORY in the Parish Church of the parish of Loughton. The details from the registration are -
Groom: Ernest Henry HICKS, aged 20, bachelor, Carman, resident of Loughton. Son of Alfred George HICKS, Labourer.
Bride: Ellen Sharp GREGORY, aged 20, spinster, no occupation, resident of Buckhurst Hill. Father not given.
In presence of Alfred HICKS & Florence HICKS.

On the 1911 Census it was a requirement to record the total number of children born to woman, how many were still living, and how many had died. Ellen recorded five living and one who had died. As they appear to have been in Loughton throughout that period there are several candidate, but the most likely seems to be Albert John HICKS, born 1897 and died 1899, aged 1 (registered Dec. quarter of 1897 in Epping), as he would have been their first child and named after both his grandparents.

On the 1901 Census he was at High Road, Loughton, Essex. At that time the family comprised:
His parents family were living just a few doors away on the High Road.

On the 1911 Census the family is at 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex. At that time the family comprised:

A HICKS descendant reported a tradition that this couple had two children who died in infancy. The second birth would have to have had to have been after the 2 April 1911 Census at which time they only reported the death of one child. From Sept 1911 the mother's maiden name is shown on the Birth Registers. There are no HICKS births with a mothers maiden name of GREGORY in Epping after that date.The next in Essex is in the 1980s. The child would therefore have to have been born after 2 April 1911 and before Oct 1911. There are no Essex death registrations that fulfil those criteria. It is likely that it was a stillborn child as such a birth would not be registered

The child who died has not yet been identified. A likely candidate, based on Ernest's father's name, would be the Alfred John HICKS whose death, aged 1 and in the Dec. quarter of 1897, was registered in Epping.

The First World War years 1914-18

Various papers are available as part of Ernest's service record. The details are presented below.

A statement of service document gives the following details
Corps Battn or Depot Promotions, reductions, casualties etc Army rank Date
General Service
Deemed to have been enlisted Pte 24-6-16

Called up for service Pte 7 May 17
J. W. Coy 19th Posted " 8/5/17
330th (H.S.) Works COMPANY

(H.S.) Works COMPANY 330 Appointed (unpaid) L/Cpl 28/8/17
(H.S.) Works Coy 330 Appointed pd: Ld complete establishment L/C 9/3/18

From other forms it appears the transfer to 330th was on 12 May 17, so he was barely in his assigned company for more than a few days. 330th was part of the Labour Company. The Labour Corps was manned by those who had not achieved the “A1” medical rating needed for front line service, but grew to comprise about 10% of the army. Few records remain for its activities and researching them is complicated. Some suggest that it was the practice to issue any medals under the original company rather than Labour Coy.

Army Form B 178 (Medical History), completed on 16 Mar 1917 at Stratford,  provides a medical snapshot prior to Ernest enlisting. From this we know:
Table II shows that he was admitted to hospital or the sick list as follows
His disciplinary record was clean. And was certified as having no entry at Walton, Felixstow, on 20 Feb 1919, by W. J. Russell

Army Form B.2153 Record of Service Paper was for men deemed to be enlisted. It give the following details:
The reverse has a descriptive report on joining which gave the following:
11 November 1918 marked the end of the war.

On 22 Feb 1919 a 28 day Protection Certificate and Certificate of Identity was issued at No 1 Dispersal Unit, Purfleet, for Henry Hicks, which gives the following details:

Army Form B.103 (Casualty Form - Active Service) gives some chronological details for his service (as it records transfers and changes in rank as well as casualties)

On 14 Feb 1919 a Statement of Disability was issued, confirming that he did not intend to make a claim. It gives the following:
Unit: 330th (H.S.) Works Company
Regiment or corps: Labour Company
Regtl. no.:177892, Rank: L/Cpl
Name: Hicks, Henry
Permanent address: 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex
Age: 43,
Date joined: May 6 / 17 at Warley
Medical condition in which joined: C II [sic]

Return to civilian life

In Oct 1918 the appointment of one Ernest H Hicks at Woodford Green is listed in the British Postal Service Appointment Books. (British Postal Museum and Archive; Series: POST 58; Reference Number: 113.) The London Gazette of 4 February 1919  (pg. 1829) published an entry for "Ernest Henry Hicks (Woodford Green)" in its section on "Certificates issued, etc.", listed under the appointments for January 24 1919, "Under Clause 7 of the Order in Council of 10th January, 1910", and sub-subsection for "Postmen." In the case of Ivy Lavinia Bull, the gazette entry followed her appointments book entry and at this time Ernest senior.'s son of the same name had still not been demobilized from the army, so both entries probably refer to Ernest Henry senior.

In 1922 tragedy struck the family as both of his parents and one of his aunts died within days of one another.

Kathleen Allen RENDER was always known in the family as Kit HICKS and was an informally adopted daughter. Her Parents were Maud and Frances RENDER and she was Christened at St Mary the Virgin, Little Easton, on 28 Sep 1906

In later years Ernest, and most of his family lived in Staples Road with one or two venturing into adjacent streets. Their houses were small two bedroomed terraced cottages with tiny back yards. Staples Road was rather lower class housing than much of the rest of Loughton. A few pictures survive.
Ernest with wife Ellen and his familyL to R, top to bottom
  • Ivy HICKS 
  • Fred? HICKS
  • Ethel HICKS
  • ?
  • Kit HICKS
  • Ellen Sharp HICKS (nee GREGORY)
  • Ernest Henry HICKS snr
Here the family are pictured outside their 'front room' shop. I believe that this was taken in Staples Road.
Ernest and his sonsL to R, top to bottom
  • Frederick HICKS?
  • Ernest Henry HICKS jnr
  • Albert HICKS?
  • Ernest Henry HICKS snr
Some shop stock just showing in the window behind
Ellen with her daughtersOutside a later version of the shop.
L to R, top to bottom
  • Doll HICKS 
  • Ethel HICKS
  • Kit HICKS
  • Ellen Sharp HICKS (nee GREGORY)
Ethel lived with Ellen and Doll lived just over the road.
Ernest and delivery vanErnest Henry HICKS snr with a delivery van (which family recollections suggest was his)

On 1 Jul 1927 his son referred to himself on an official document as Ernest Henry HICKS Jnr. This implies that his father was still alive at that point.

The entry for Loughton in Kelly's Directory for 1925 lists "Hicks Ernest H. greengrocer, 145 Smart's lane and 23 York hill." (Pg 403)

On 7 Jun 1928 he is referred to on the Marriage Certificate of his son Ernest Henry HICKS. His occupation is given as Greengrocer.

The entry for Loughton in Kelly's Directory for 1929 lists "Hicks Ernest H. & Sons, greengros. 145 Smart's la. & 23 York hill." (Pg 330)

The 1939 Register contains the following at 7 England's Lane, Chigwell, Essex

Last Will and Testament

According to one of his grandchildren who has a copy, 'this is self-written on a form which was probably bought locally and was probably never used, although it was witnessed by some neighbours.  However he clearly states that his beneficiary is to be his wife Ellen Sharpe Hicks.'


1940. Registration is Ernest H. HICKS, aged 64, Epping, Jun Quarter, Vol 4a, pg 601

The Chelmsford Chronicle carried the following:

  The Thursdays of 1922 have been tragic
in the lives of the Hicks family, who have
resided in Loughton for many years.
  On New Year's Day Mrs Hicks died,
and was buried on the following Thursday.
On that day her sister died. On the next
Thursday her daughter, Nurse Hicks, the
only certified maternity nurse in the
district, also died, and on Thursday in
last week her husband died. Nurse Hicks
succumbed to pneumonia, her death un-
doubtably being caused by her devotion to
  So pronounced has been the sympathy
that a public subscription has been opened
for the family, the Vicar of Loughton and
Dr. Pendred being the treasurers”

Chelmsford Chronicle, Essex, England. 27 Jan 1922, Page 5 Col 4


Not known

Descendants and notable relations

Frederick K. Hicks

On 26 Jul 1963 Fred Hicks was awarded the Imperial Service Medal. In the same year he retired from the Post Office after more than 29 years service.
A clipping of the following death notification was found in the family archives (the publication details were not given, but he died in 1975):
HICKS, Frederick.--His Wife,
Brother and Sisters thank
all family and friends for
cards, letters, beautiful
floral tributes and kindness
shown. Especially all doc-
tors and nurses who atten-
ded during his illness. Till
we meet again. -- Doll.
Another clipping, annotated with the date March 18th 1975, reads:
Long dervice
postman dies
OLD Loughtonian Frederick
Hicks, for many years a post-
man in Loughton and Wood-
ford Green, died last week in
St Margaret's Hospital, aged
  Mr Hicks of ForestRoad,
was born in Loughton and
attended Staples Road School,
where he won a prize for per-
fect attendance.
  He and his wife, Dorothy,
lived in Loughton all their
married lives, first in Smarts
Lane and then in Forest Road.
During  Mr Hick's [sic] service with
the Post Office he was award-
ed the Imperial Service Medal.
He retired in 1970.
  A funeral service was held
at St Mary's Church, Lough-
ton, on Monday, followed by
cremation at Pardon Wood.

Ethel Hicks

The notice of her death, published in 1978, reads:
“HICKS, Ethel. - Passed away
peacefully atWestern House
Hospital, Ware, on February

Albert Arthur Hicks

In his youth Albert was a keen athlete and reports of his successes may be found in the Chelmsford Chronicle, e.g. :

Percy Hicks

25 Dec 1925, the Chelmsford Chronicle carried a note that "Loughton St. Mary's travelled Woodford and defeated Woodford Bridge 4-1. Percy Hicks, right-half, sent a nice pass to Stead, who placed across the goal mouth for S. Willingale open the score after minutes."

To be continued

Easily confused individuals

There is another Ernest H HICKS born a few years later but descended from another Loughton HICKS family, also another father and son duo who look superficially like this Ernest and his father.

Any transcripts and images on this page are Copyright R I Kirby 2005 unless stated otherwise.