Not yet summarised.
Parents and family
From his marriage certificate his father was Alfred
. From the marriage date and the census details his mother is assumed to be Phoebe
From census records this was in about 1876 and in the Epping area. The probable birth
registration is Ernest Henry Hicks, Sep Qart 1875, Epping 4a 144.
Childhood and education
On the 1881 Census the family were living at Pump Hill, Loughton, Essex. At that time the
family comprised -
- Alfred HICKS, Head, M[arried], 38, General Labourer, Essex, Saling
- Phoebe HICKS, Wife, M, 30, , Essex, Wansted
- Alfred HICKS, Son, , 7, Scholar, Essex, Epping
- Ernest H. HICKS, Son, , 5, Scholar, Essex, Epping
- Herbert J. HICKS, Son, , 4, Scholar, Essex, Epping
- Florence S. HICKS, Daur, , 2, , Essex, Epping
- Edward G. HICKS, Son, , 1, , Essex, Epping
- John P. HICKS, Son, , 1m, , Essex, Epping
The 1891 Census lists him immediately after the Kings Head, Loughton, Essex. At that time the
- Alfred HICKS, Head, M[arried], 47, Coal Labourer, Employed, Essex, Stebbing
- Phœbe C. HICKS, Wife, M, 40, , , Essex, Wansted
- Alfred W. HICKS, Son, S[ingle], 17, Gardners Domestic, Employed, Essex, Epping
- Ernest H. HICKS, Son, S, 15, Baker's Boy, Employed, Essex, Epping
- Herbert J. HICKS, Son, S, 14, Baker's Boy, Employed, Essex, Epping
- Florence S. HICKS, Daur, , 12, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Edward G. HICKS, Son, , 11, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Phœbe L. HICKS, Daur, , 8, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Arthur G. HICKS, Son, , 7, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Elizabeth F. HICKS, Daur, , 5, Scholar, , Essex, Loughton
- Sarah A. HICKS, Daur, , 2, , , Essex, Loughton
Marriage to Ellen Sharp Gregory
On 25 December 1895 (Christmas Day), Ernest married Ellen Sharp GREGORY in the Parish
Church of the parish of Loughton. The details from the registration are -
Groom: Ernest Henry HICKS,
aged 20, bachelor, Carman, resident of Loughton. Son of Alfred George HICKS, Labourer.
Bride: Ellen Sharp GREGORY, aged 20, spinster, no occupation, resident of Buckhurst Hill.
Father not given.
In presence of Alfred HICKS & Florence HICKS.
On the 1901 Census he was at High Road, Loughton, Essex. At that time the family comprised:
- Ernest Henry HICKS, Head, M[arried], 25, Grocer's Assistant, worker, Essex,
- Ellen S. HICKS, Wife, M, 25, , , Wilts, Swindon
- Ethel M. F. HICKS, Daur, , 4, , , Essex, Loughton
- Ernest Henry HICKS, Son, , 2, , , Essex, Loughton
- Frederick K HICKS, Son, , 11m, , , Essex, Loughton
His parents family were living just a few doors away on the High Road.
On the 1911 Census the family is at 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex. At that time the family
- Ernest Henry HICKS, Head, 35, M[a]r[rie]d, Assistant Grocer, Epping, Essex
- Ellen Sharp HICKS, Wife, 35, M[a]r[rie]d [for] 15 [years], 6 children born
alive, 5 still living, 1 died, Swindon, Wilts.
- Ethel May Florence HICKS, Daughter, 14, , Loughton, Essex
- Ernest HICKS, Son, 12, , , [no place of birth given]
- Frederick HICKS, Son, 10, , , [no place of birth given]
- Albert HICKS, Son, 7, , [no place of birth given]
- Percy Stanley HICKS, Son, 3, , [no place of birth given]
- Kathleen Allen, Adopted Daughter,
4, , Dumnow, Essex
The child who died has not yet been identified. A likely candidate, based on Ernest's father's
name, would be the Alfred John HICKS whose death, aged 1 and in the Dec. quarter of 1897, was
registered in Epping.
The First World War years 1914-18
Various papers are available as part of Ernest's service record. The details are presented
A statement of service document gives the following details
||Battn or Depot
||Promotions, reductions, casualties etc
|Deemed to have been enlisted
|Called up for service
||7 May 17
|J. W. Coy
|330th (H.S.) Works COMPANY
|(H.S.) Works COMPANY
|(H.S.) Works Coy
||Appointed pd: Ld complete establishment
From other forms it appears the transfer to 330th was on 12 May 17, so he was barely in his
assigned company for more than a few days. 330th was part of the Labour Company. The Labour
Corps was manned by those who had not achieved the “A1” medical rating needed for front line
service, but grew to comprise about 10% of the army. Few records remain for its activities and
researching them is complicated. Some suggest that it was the practice to issue any medals
under the original company rather than Labour Coy.
Army Form B 178 (Medical History), completed on 16 Mar 1917 at Stratford, provides a
medical snapshot prior to Ernest enlisting. From this we know:
- Birthplace: Epping, Essex
- Age: 40
- Trade or occupation: Carman
- Height 5'6 1/4"
- Weight: 110lb
- Chest expanded 34 1/2" with 2" range of expansion
- Physical development: Fair
- Eyesight R 6/18 L 6/36
- History of Recent Pneumonia
- Some Myocardial Weakness
- That he was at some point transferred from 19 J. W. Coy to 330th (H.S.) Works Company
Table II shows that he was admitted to hospital or the sick list as follows
- 26/7/17, CIII by T.M.B.
- Dec 20 1917 No. 2 T.M.P Category BII Orford Suffolk
- Innoculation refused 5/12/18
His disciplinary record was clean. And was certified as having no entry at Walton, Felixstow,
on 20 Feb 1919, by W. J. Russell
Army Form B.2153 Record of Service Paper was for men deemed to be enlisted. It give the
- No. 177892.
- Name: Ernest Henry Hicks
- Corps: 19th J. W. Coy
- Full address: 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton
- British subject: yes
- Age: 41 years 9 months
- Trade or calling: Jobbing Gardner
- Served before: no
- Preference for branch: A.S.C.
- Do you want to serve in the navy: no
- The solemn declaration is dated 7 May 1917 and made at Epping before C. Every
- Medical classification: B II
- The approval, dated 8-5-17, and made at Warley by C R Walters, appointed him to 19th J.
The reverse has a descriptive report on joining which gave the following:
- Height 5'6"
- Chest fully expanded 34 1/2" with range of expansion of 2"
- Nest of kin: Ellen Sharp Hicks of 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex, Wife
- Wife's maiden name, place and date of marriage and current residence: Ellen Sharp
Gregory; Parish Church Loughton, 25 Dec 1895; 145 Smarts Lane Loughton.
- Particulars as to children
- Albert Arthur, 18th April 1903, Loughton
- Kathleen Allen (surname Render), 10th Sept 1906, Loughton
- Percy Stanley, 27th July 1907, Loughton
11 November 1918 marked the end of the war.
On 22 Feb 1919 a 28 day Protection Certificate and Certificate of Identity was issued at No 1
Dispersal Unit, Purfleet, for Henry Hicks, which gives the following details:
- Regtl. No.: 177892, Rank: L/Cpl, unit: looks like R Surrys, Regt. or Corps: Labour C
- Pay office: P Heringham
- Address for pay: 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex
- Theatre of war: Eastern
- Born in year: 1875
- Medical category: B2
- Place of rejoining in case of emergency: Sutton
Army Form B.103 (Casualty Form - Active Service) gives some chronological details for his
service (as it records transfers and changes in rank as well as casualties)
- T.M.B. 20-12-17 / No. 2 T. M. B. / B2
- 23-9-18 / No. 11 T.M.B. / B2 9 months
- Posted to 330 (HS) Works Coy [obscure word] from Depot Essex, Warley 12-5-17 / W J
- 330 (HS) Works Company / Appointed Pd L/Cpl / Orford / 9-3-18 / W J Russel Lt
- Walton, Felixstow 20 Feb 19 Proceed to Purfleet for Demobilization Author No 2. Area / W
J Russel Lt
On 14 Feb 1919 a Statement of Disability was issued, confirming that he did not intend to make
a claim. It gives the following:
Unit: 330th (H.S.) Works Company
Regiment or corps: Labour Company
Regtl. no.:177892, Rank: L/Cpl
Name: Hicks, Henry
Permanent address: 145 Smarts Lane, Loughton, Essex
Date joined: May 6 / 17 at Warley
Medical condition in which joined: C II [sic]
After the War
In 1922 tragedy struck the family as both of his parents and one of his aunts died within
days of one another.
Kit HICKS was an informally adopted daughter.
In later years Ernest, and most of his family lived in Staples Road with one or two
venturing into adjacent streets. Their houses were small two bedroomed terraced cottages
with tiny back yards. Staples Road was rather lower class housing than much of the rest of
Loughton. A few pictures survive.
|L to R, top to bottom
Here the family are pictured outside their 'front room' shop. I believe that this was
taken in Staples Road.
- Ivy HICKS
- Fred? HICKS
- Ethel HICKS
- Kit HICKS
- Ellen Sharp HICKS (nee GREGORY)
- Ernest Henry HICKS snr
|L to R,
top to bottom
Some shop stock just showing in the window behind
- Frederick HICKS?
- Ernest Henry HICKS jnr
- Albert HICKS?
- Ernest Henry HICKS snr
|Outside a later version of the shop.
L to R, top to bottom
Ethel lived with Ellen and Doll lived just over the road.
- Doll HICKS
- Ethel HICKS
- Kit HICKS
- Ellen Sharp HICKS (nee GREGORY)
Henry HICKS snr with a delivery van (which family recollections suggest was his)
On 1 Jul 1927 his son referred to himself on an official document as Ernest Henry HICKS
Jnr. This implies that his father was still alive at that point.
On 7 Jun 1928 he is referred to on the Marriage Certificate of his son Ernest Henry HICKS. His
occupation is given as Greengrocer.
The 1939 Registration index shows Ernest H Hicks with Ellen S Hicks in the Chigwell U.D.,
Last Will and Testament
According to one of his grandchildren who has a copy, 'this is self-written on a form
which was probably bought locally and was probably never used, although it was witnessed by
some neighbours. However he clearly states that his beneficiary is to be his wife Ellen
1940. Registration is Ernest H. HICKS, aged 64, Epping, Jun Quarter, Vol 4a, pg 601
The Chelmsford Chronicle carried the following:
LOUGHTON FAMILY'S MISFORTUNES
The Thursdays of 1922 have been tragic
in the lives of the Hicks family, who have
resided in Loughton for many years.
On New Year's Day Mrs Hicks died,
and was buried on the following Thursday.
On that day her sister died. On the next
Thursday her daughter, Nurse Hicks, the
only certified maternity nurse in the
district, also died, and on Thursday in
last week her husband died. Nurse Hicks
succumbed to pneumonia, her death un-
doubtably being caused by her devotion to
So pronounced has been the sympathy
that a public subscription has been opened
for the family, the Vicar of Loughton and
Dr. Pendred being the treasurers”
Essex, England. 27 Jan 1922, Page 5 Col 4
Descendants and notable relations
Frederick K. Hicks
On 26 Jul 1963 Fred Hicks was awarded the Imperial Service Medal. In the same year he retired
from the Post Office after more than 29 years service.
A clipping of the following death notification was found in the family archives (the
publication details were not given, but he died in 1975):
HICKS, Frederick.--His Wife,
Brother and Sisters thank
all family and friends for
cards, letters, beautiful
floral tributes and kindness
shown. Especially all doc-
tors and nurses who atten-
ded during his illness. Till
we meet again. -- Doll.
Another clipping, annotated with the date March 18th 1975, reads:
OLD Loughtonian Frederick
Hicks, for many years a post-
man in Loughton and Wood-
ford Green, died last week in
St Margaret's Hospital, aged
Mr Hicks of ForestRoad,
was born in Loughton and
attended Staples Road School,
where he won a prize for per-
He and his wife, Dorothy,
lived in Loughton all their
married lives, first in Smarts
Lane and then in Forest Road.
During Mr Hick's [sic] service with
the Post Office he was award-
ed the Imperial Service Medal.
He retired in 1970.
A funeral service was held
at St Mary's Church, Lough-
ton, on Monday, followed by
cremation at Pardon Wood.
The notice of her death, published in 1978, reads:
“HICKS, Ethel. - Passed away
peacefully atWestern House
Hospital, Ware, on February
Albert Arthur Hicks
In his youth Albert was a keen athlete and reports of his successes may be found in the
Chelmsford Chronicle, e.g. :
- 14 Jan 1927, placed 26 in a cross country match, " A. A. Hicks,
Loughton A.C., 52.55"
- 15 Jun 1928, "A. A. Hicks, Loughton A.C." was one of the winners in his event in the
- 5 Oct 1928, "Loughton A.C. opened their cross-country
season Saturday, 47 turning out. The mile run in was won by: Seniors, A. A. Hicks;
novices, L. Law."
- 21 March 1930, in a 5 mile cross-country event, "Order finish: 1, A. A. Hicks,*
Loughton, 26min. 38sec."
- 14 May 1930, "Loughton A.C. won an inter-club miles road
race on Saturday. The chief placings were: 1, A. Hicks (Loughton), 26m. 38secs."
- 11 Mar 1932, "Loughton A.C. (61 beat Essex Beagles (87
points) in a 4½ miles road-running match at Loughton.
First three : 1, A. . A. Hicks. Loughton.
26 min. sec."
- 17 Feb 1933, "A. A. Hicks, Loughton
A.C., was 19th, in 51-17"
25 Dec 1925, the Chelmsford Chronicle carried a note that "Loughton
St. Mary's travelled Woodford and defeated Woodford Bridge 4-1. Percy Hicks
right-half, sent a nice pass to Stead, who placed across the goal mouth for S. Willingale open
the score after minutes."
To be continued
Easily confused individuals
There is another Ernest H HICKS born a few years later but descended from another
Loughton HICKS family, also another father and son duo who look superficially like
this Ernest and his father.
- The 1881 census has another Ernest Henry Hicks born in 1878 in West Ham. He is son
of Thomas HICKS born 1853 in West Ham (a Dock Wharfinger) who in turn was the son of
a Henry HICKS born in 1809 in Loughton (and still in Loughton in 1881). Henry was a
- The 1881 census has an Ernest HICKS born in 1878 in Barking to an Alfred HICKS
(born 1841 in Barking and a general labourer). That Alfred happens to be the namesake and
born in the same year as Ernest's father (who was born in Bardfield Saling).