Parents and family
have yet to be identified. The only clues are
- His birthplace, slightly unclear on the Census return, looks like Rodboro,
Gloucestershire, which is believed to be believed
to be Rodborough, near Stroud,
- He appears to have had a nephew called H.
W. DEWHURST, who founded the Verulam Philosophical Society.
wife's HATTON cousins married into an EDGINGTON family descended from
RODWAY, the latter being a surname associated with Rodboro, although no
link between the two groups has yet been proved.
Unfortunately Mr DEWHURST's wife and female relatives seem as much of
as Mr BULLs parents and siblings! There is however one clue to
DEWHURSTs family connections. The Dublin Penny
(Vol. 3, No. 138 (Feb. 21, 1835), p. 272) related a talk given at a
late meeting of the Verulam Philosophical Society, at which the
secretary C. DEWHURST read some observations concerning honey bees.
This mentions a hive designed by his father the Rev. C. DEWHURST of
Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. In his pamphlet on the silk worm, H. W.
DEWHURST mentions a C. DEWHURST of Bury St Edmunds as simply a
Abstracts of records and manuscripts respecting the
county of Gloucester
Birth, abt 1790
The 1851 Census gives: Age 61,
name Henry W BULL, born Rodb[oro] (the last part being difficult to
read), Gloucestershire. From which his birth date is about 1790. There
is a Rodborough, just south of Stroud, in Gloucestershire.
Henry was later a Naval Surgeon and Naval Surgeons of this period generally served an
apprenticeship on land before going to sea. Henry would have been put to such an
apprenticeship at age 14, so in about 1803-4. There is an index entry for the apprenticeship
in 1804 of Henry W BULL (no place of residence given) to Jonothan JOHNSON, surgeon, of Bexley,
Kent. [National Archives IR 1 (Board of Stamps: Apprenticeship Books) 39 f 155. ]
Active Naval Service
He joined the
Navy when Trafalgar (21 Oct 1805) was still
fresh in the national memory and was in active service for just over
seven years as a naval surgeon (equivalent to the normal duration for an apprenticeship at
Naval Service Record
|Plymo (sic Plymouth) Hosp'l
||5 April 1807
||25 jun 1807
||7 July 1807
||18 Jan'y 1808
||4 March 1808
||7 March 1809
||13 March 1809
||4 Nov'r 1810
||18 Feb'y 1811
||11 April 1814
The record is annotated 'Assist 25 March 1807' and 'Surgeon 15 Feb'y
1809'. From a later Navy List it is clear the latter is his date of
promotion to that rank (see Navy List for 20 Dec 1848).
The following is based largely on details from Michael
Ships of the Old Navy
at The Age of Nelson
site, with additional snippets from Sailing
and Wikipedia entries for classes and
specific boats. Other sources have been cited were used.
Details of actions are those that took place during
Henry's postings to the ship in question. Details for some of the ships
may be found on the 3Decks
Naval Sailing Warfare History
a 36-gun fifth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy launched in 1795 and
still operational in at least 1812. The National Maritime
holds a full
of this ship
and a painting of it in action, ‘Capture
La Nereide Decr 21st. 1797
- At some point in 1807 under Capt. James OSWALD in
the Channel. Fifth rate ships generally patrolled alone or acted as
31 Aug 1807 it was reported that the Phœbe had sailed
Plymouth under Capt. OSWALD to join the Rochefort squadron [Hampshire
Sussex Chronicle etc (Portsmouth,
England), Monday, August 31, 1807; Issue 412.] As the Rochefort
squadron seems to have been French this was presumably 'join'
in the sense of 'engage
- Toward the end of 1807 a
British squadron was stationed off Rochefort to watch the motions of
the French squadron at anchor in Aix road. However bad weather
a lack of provisions allowed the french fleet to escape [William James,
naval history of Great Britain,
from ... 1793, to ... 1820, with an account of the origin and increase
of the British navy., 1859, pg 287] It is not clear if the Phœbe
was with them.
Phœbe was docked in Plymouth around the time Henry left her, for she
sailed from there under Captain OSWALD to reach Gibraltar on 26th
January 1808 [The Times,
Mar 15, 1808; pg. 4; Issue 7309; col C ]
14-gun brig, built in 1805 and sold in 1816.
- In 1808 she was operating
in the North Sea under Lieut. TEMPLAR.
- In early May 1809 she captured
two Danish privateer sloops (the Four Brothers, four guns and 22 men,
and the Mackerel, two guns and 18 men).
10-gun Cherokee class brig-sloop of the Royal Navy (same class as HMS
Beagle), launched on 16 December 1808. Sold in 1819. Brig
were small ships and relatively unimportant in the larger naval
actions. They were used for coastal defense and patrols in places like
the English Channel.
- In 1809
she was under Captain Henry Thomas DAVIES and at Guernsey.
- The Naval Chronicle for the year carried the following
W.H. Bull is promoted to the rank of surgeon, and appointed to the
Tyrian sloop” [The Naval Chronicle for 1809: containing a general and
biographical history of the royal navy of the United kingdom with a
variety of original papers on nautical subjects ([1799-1818]). Vol 21
(Jan-June). London: Joyce Gold. 1809, pg. 263]
- On 21 August 1809 the Tyrian arrived in Portsmouth
accompanied by a few transports from Lisbon [The Times,
Aug 23, 1809; pg. 3; Issue 7756; col C ]
Nov 1810, one of this ship's officers, Lieut. Thomas BRADISH, was court
martialed for absenting himself without leave.
an 18-gun Cruizer class brig-sloop. She was launched in 1806
and used as a target from 1839 before being sold in 1841. The National
Maritime Museun at
holds a full
of the ship
, which in 2012 was on loan to a museum in
- Between 1811 and 1812 captained by Commander G. W.HOOPER in
where on 22 September 1812, she ran a French privateer (of about 100
tons) ashore under Easternest. [The Royal military chronicle: or,
British officers monthly register and mentor. v.1-7, Nov.1810-Apr.1814;
new ser. v.1-6, May 1814-Apr.1817, Volume 5 (Google eBook), pg 146]
- On 18 Feb 1812, the Raleigh was cited as carrying 18 guns
and was "ordered to proceed immediately to Anholt" (The
Feb 21, 1812; pg. 3; Issue 8532; col B). Anholt is a Danish island in
2pm on 19 Jan 1814 His Majesty's brig Raleigh, under Captain HOOPER,
arrived in Halifax after an eight day passage from Passamaquoddy
(presumably Passamaquoddy Bay, which straddles the United States-Canada
border between New Brunswick and Maine), leaving there his Majesty's
sloop Martin and the schooners Curlew and Shelbourne. The Raleigh was
reported to have had American Papers containing the Embargo
Act which were sent aboard the Martin. [The
Morning Chronicle (London, England),
Thursday, February 10, 1814; Issue 13968. Halifax Papers Section]
- At some point in 1814, presumably after Jan 19th, she was
in the Hamoaze (the
stretch of water outside Devonport Dockyard).
Much of the work in the North Sea related to the
ongoing Napoleonic War and the need to provide escorts to our
commercial fleets. However, two battles of Copenhagen (2 April
1801 and August – September 1807) ended Danish
precipitating a naval guerilla war in which small Danish
sought to destroy larger British ships in the Danish and Norwegian
waters (Wikipedia article on the Napleonic Wars).
There is some fascinating background on the duties of a Naval Surgeon
in the early 19th C at The
Historical Maritime Society
's page on Nelson's
Henry started his career right at the end of this period and was
probably trained for this sort of thing. In 1805 an Order in Council
was passed, permitting medical officers in
the navy to have their own uniform and be considered of equivalent rank
to their land counterparts.
This raised Senior naval surgeons to wardroom officer rank. However,
the lot of an assistant surgeon was not improved and remained
miserable at the time Henry joined his first ship.
After active service
Although in later years he appears in the Navy List, he clearly did not
active service again before he retired. This was not unusual for the
the naval supremacy achieved by the Royal Navy at
Trafalgar, many of its
officers were at home on half pay for long periods.
In 1815 he married Mary HATTON of Widford, Gloucs. in St James,
Westminster, London. (Pallots Marriage Index has an entry 'St Jas
Westminster, Hy Bull & Mary Hatton, 1815')
On November 13, 1816
Morning Chronicle carried the following appeal.
|TO THE EDITOR OF THE MORNING CHRONICLE,
Knowing your humane disposition, I beg you will, if
possible, state in your valuable paper, the consequences
of the dreadful fire that occurred on Sunday morning
last, in Broad-street, Golden-square, at No. 8, having
begun in the shop, it was with difficulty that the lodgers
escaped with their lives. There is a Mr. Girlin (a
widower), with three children, the youngest only eight
months old, the eldest not five years, and his servant,
escaped only with their lives, the children have not the
smallest article of clothing, except night clothes they
had on at the time. Having lost near 500l. in proper-
ty, his case (being wholly uninsured) is truly pitiable.
They are taken in by Mr. Bull, surgeon, R. N. 43
Broad-street, Golden-square; where the smallest con-
tributions are most thankfully received.
I remain, Sir, your obedient servant,
A CONSTANT READER
Chronicle (London, England),
13, 1816; Issue 14831, Pg
3, Col 2.
The name BULL is clearer in the The
Morning Post (London, England), Wednesday,
November 13, 1816, which also carried the same appeal.
The Binfield years
remains something of a conundrum how the family came to be in Binfield.
There may be some
link/involvement with the PITT family as Mary's Mother was in
Swallowfield during this period (the PITT family had mansions in
Binfield & Swallowfield). It also happens that Pitt/Putt was
surname of the local (Burford) surgeon whom Mary's Mother would have
been familiar with during her time at Widford. However, there are other
links between the two areas. Shortly before the BULLs appear in
Binfield the POPEs had links with the HARCOURT family of Stanton
. The TRUMBULLs of adjacent Easthampsted Park
had Ralph TRUMBULL, Rector of Witney, Oxon
and the HYDEs, original owners of Swallowfield, also owned Cornbury
Park at Charlbury,
. There are several references that appear to suggest a
social link between TRUMBULL and the JORDAN family of Witney,
- On 28 Dec 1817 they christened Louisa Mary BULL in
- On 28 Dec 1817 they christened a daughter, Louisa Mary
BULL, in Binfield, Berks.
- On 12 Nov 1819 they christened a daughter, Sarah BULL, in
- On 28 May 1820 they christened a daughter, Sarah Hatton
Lewis BULL, in Binfield, Berks.
- On 1 Mar 1821 they christened a son, Frederick
William BULL, in Binfield, Berks.
- On 14 Sep 1822 they christened a daughter, Mary
Louisa BULL, in Binfield, Berks.
about 1826 one Henry BULL was born in Binfield, the 1861 Census
lists him as Henry W BULL, of Peckham, Camberwell, London,
printer compositor. He is therefore possibly a relation.
about 1827 one William John BULL was born in Binfield, Berks. He may be
related to this family as the 1851 Census has him working as a Visiting
Assistant to Frederick C JONES, of 69 Blackfriars Road, Southwark,
Saturday, 16 June 1827, The Mirror of Literature, Amusement,
Instruction (No 258), carried an article on Pope's Tree,
Binfield. This commences with 'Sir, - Through the kindness of my
uncle, H. W. Bull, Esq., R.
N., of Binfield, Berks,
I am able to gratify your readers with a view and description of the
once celbrated Pope's Tree, which, perhaps may not be uninteresting.'
The aticle mentions no details of its author's family and is attributed
to simply 'H. W. D.' (enboldening mine) Other edditions of the paper
contain a number of contributions on scientific, medical
and historical issues from one H. W. DEWHURST.
- In Sep 1828 Amelia Maria BULL was born in Binfield, Berks
(according to the Turnbull Clan website)
- In A Guide to Human Phrenology (published c1829) , Henry Willam
DEWHURST mentions forwarding drawings to "Mr Bull of Binfield, Berks"
- In Henry William DEWHURST's The Natural
History of the Order Cetacea and the Oceanic Inhabitants of the Arctic
(London: Henry William Dewhurst, 1834) may be found amongst the
subscribers one 'H. W. Bull, Esq., R.N., M.R.C.S.L.' and in an
Appendix (Pgs 301-302) can be found -
is to Certify, that H. W. DEWHURST, Esq., Lecturer on Human and
Comparative Anatomy, Zoology, &c. &c., is perfectly
to teach, and that he possesses every means of doing so : a Museum fast
approaching to perfection, casts, plates, &c., and it is not in
power to speak too highly of his abilities and
therefore most strongly and earnestly recommend him as a teacher.
Member of the Royal
in London, and Surgeon
Binfield near Bracknell, Berks.
Nov. 25th, 1828.
- On 7 Mar 1831 they christened a daughter, Eliza
Caroline BULL, in Binfield, Berks.
He appears on the Navy List for 20th March 1934, under Surgeons,
with seniority dating from 1809, listed as simply "Henry William Bull
1840 Henry appears to have suffered a debilitating illness, which
sounds suspiciously like a stroke. Together with its
treatment, it is described in some detail in this extract, taken
from Samuel Dickson & William Turner,
The principles of the
chrono-thermal system of medicine, with the
Fallacies of the Faculty. In a series of lectures by Samuel Dickson,
M.D. containing also an introduction and notes by William
, London: Simpkin, Marshall, and Co., 1845,
From H. W. Bull, Esq.,
Surgeon, R.N. "
Wokingham, 5th Feb. 1843. "
Sir,—I beg to forward to you a statement of my own case, and one or two
cases of others treated on your plan, all of which are evidence of the
value of the Chrono-Thermal System. I was attacked by paralysis on the
28th October, 1840, which deprived me of the use of my right arm and
leg, affected the same side of the face, and produced some difficulty
of speech. The usual plan was adopted,—bleeding, purging, leeching,
mercury, and blisters. In this state I crawled on to May, 1841, when I
lost more blood to prevent another anticipated attack, goaded on by
what you term the bugbear CONGESTION. In this manner I went on
occasionally cupping and purging, and with a very restricted diet. In
consequence of all this I was much reduced, and I became exceedingly
weak,—the heart palpitated very much on the least motion, and I had in
addition occasional fainting fits. Last May my son sent me some
extracts from your Lectures, the perusal of which induced me a few days
afterwards to state by letter the particulars of my case to you. The
first prescription you were so kind as to send disagreed; you then
ordered quinine, and this I took with good effect. The shower-bath
which you also ordered I found very beneficial. I have followed the
plan laid down by you with very great advantage,—changing the different
medicines from time to time as occasion required; and I can now walk
two miles without assistance. I have now not only power to raise my
right arm and wave it round my head, but I can lift a weight of forty
pounds with it. I am now following the same plan with very good effect;
I must confess I was at first startled by a practice so very different
from all I had been taught in the schools, but a practice, I can truly
say, to which I owe my life. Like Dr. M'Kenzie, nothing will ever
induce me to lose a drop of blood again so long as it will circulate in
the veins of, (sic)
"Yours most sincerely and faithfully,
" H. W. BULL, Surgeon, Royal Navy."
Cases alluded to in the preceding letter.
Case 1.—Mr. С was attacked with acute rheumatism in almost every joint,
great difficulty of breathing, and violent pain in the chest. I
prescribed an emetic, but he refused to take it,—he is a Hampshire man,
and almost as obstinate as one of his own hogs. He continued in this
state two days more ; at last he was prevailed on to take the emetic.
It operated soon and gave him instant relief. I followed it up with
quinine and colchicum : he is now quite well, and has gone to his
brother's house some distance from this.
" Case 2.—A girl twelve
years of age was brought to me from Binfield in convulsive fits. The
pupils of her eyes were much dilated, and the fits followed each other
in rapid succession. I first gave her a purgative, and followed it up
with prussic acid ;—this was on a Monday. The fits became less and less
frequent, and from the following Friday they entirely ceased. I also
lately used the prussic acid with the best effect in the case of a
child seven weeks old. "
Case 3.—A gentleman lately brought his
child, a fine boy, to me for squint ; the age, two years. Some days the
boy squinted less than others. I gave him six powders containing
quinine and a little calomel : no other medicine was prescribed. There
has been no squint since the powders were finished. In many other cases
I have followed your plan with the best success.
" H. W. B."
NOTES ON THE TREATMENTS - Prussic Acid (Hydrocyanic Acid or
Hydrogen Cyanide) is extremely poisonous to humans, so was clearly
administered in a non-lethal dose. Calomel (Mercury Chloride) is also
toxic and long term low-level exposure could result in death from
mercury poisoning. This toxicity was not yet understood in 1843 and
Calomel was regularly used to induce vomiting and act as a purgative.
The medical benefits of Quinine in cases of Malaria are well known, but
at that time it was used more generally for symptoms of fever. Many
parts of the Colchicum plant are toxic, though extracts have been used
in traditional medicine (in appropriate doses) to treat gout and some forms of fever. These
sorts of aggressive treatments were commonplace during the so-called
"Age of Heroic Medicine."
method reduced all disease to variations on a single disoder, which he called 'ague,' and
which he believed effected the
healthy periodicity of natural actions. Whilst Dickson’s basic
premise was misguided, it nevertheless made him an early
opponent of the then-prevailing practice of blood letting. Henry BULL clearly became a convert
to that cause.
The 1841 Census appears to list them at Broad Street, Wokingham,
Berks [the text looks like Bread Street, but this is probably a
transcription error for Broad Street, a main thoroughfare in the
village]. At that time the family group comprised:
- Willm BULL, 52, Surgeon, not born in
- Mary BULL, 46, , not born in county
- Sarah BULL, 21, , born in county
- Henry BULL, 16, , born in county
- Willm BULL, 14, , born in county
- Amelia BULL, 12, , born in county
- Caroline BULL, 12, , born in county
The Navy List of 20 Dec 1848 mentions no details
other than his seniority (i.e. when he became an officer), 15
He signed his Will on 24 Sep 1850
The Camberwell years
1851 his family were residing at 1 St Thomas's Terrace, Camberwell,
- Henry W BULL, Head, Mar[ried], 61,
R.N.M.R.C. Lond, Gloucestershire, Rodboro
- Mary BULL, Wife, Mar, 60, ,Gloucestershire, Widford
- Amelia M BULL, Dau, U[nmarried], 22, Schoolmistress,
- Caroline E BULL, Dau, U[nmarried], 20, ,
He refers to himself as 'Surgeon
R.N.M.R.C. Lond' which probably stands for Royal Navy, Member of the
Royal College [of Surgeons] as I have seen other surgeons of this
period refer to themselves as 'Royal Navy, M.R.C.S.', M.R.C.S. being a
well recognized qualification, with original branches in London and
Edinburgh (hence the 'Lond.'). The Royal College's web site states “If
your ancestor was solely a member (MRCS), it is unlikely that we will
hold any detailed information.”
On 4 Oct 1851 the Reading Mercury carried in its deaths column (pg3 col 6) the following
announcement of his wife's death.
On the 23rd ult., in London, after a long and painful
illness borne with christian resignation and fortitude,
Mary, the beloved wife of H. W. Bull, Esq., Surgeon,
Royal Navy, aged 61 years.
Last Will and Testament
The Will, which was proved on 15 Feb 1854. It is very short and may be
Henry William BULL,
Surgeon in the Royal Navy
transcription has been produced for the probate record for this will,
Probate Records Index.
Everything to be equally divided between his Daughters Amelia Maria
BULL and Caroline Eliza BULL.
Executor Octavius OMMANNEY of Charing Cross Westminster Navy Agent
Witnesses were J PIKE & W J WHITLEY
Based on Public Records
Office: prob 11/2185
14 Nov 1853, from the details in his obituary.
The Lancet carried the following very brief obituary
|OBITUARY.- Died on the 14th
Inst., at Walworth, HENRY
WILLIAM BULL, Esq., surgeon R.N., after being paralyzed for
lancet London: a journal of British and foreign medicine, surgery,
obstetrics, physiology, chemistry, pharmacology, public health and news,
Volume 2, Nov 26, 1853 (Google eBook), Pg 517, Col 2.
A similarly brief obituary was carried in The Medical Directory for
14  - Henry William Bull, Esq. Surgeon, Royal Navy, at his
residence, Walworth, after having suffered paralysis during the long
period of fourteen years.
Medical Directory for Scotland. London:John Churchill,
1854, Pg 181.
Probate was granted 15 Feb 1854.
posthumous reference on the marriage certificate of Frederick Henry
William Bull, dated 31 Aug 1860, gives his profession as
'Surgeon in the Royal Navy'.
Descendants and notable relations
An Australian branch to the family
On 30 March 1872 the Reading Mercury carried the following announcement in its marriages
column (pg5, col 7).
On the 8th Jan., at Emu Plains Station, Australia, by the
Rev. Mr Sheldon, Thomas Turnbull, Esq. to Amelia Maria,
eldest surviving daughter of the late H. W. Bull, Esq., sur-
geon, RN., late of Wokingham, Berks.
Henry William DEWHURST, scientist or swindler?
This gentleman, a nephew of Henry's, appears a rather interesting
character. In his book The
Natural History of the
Order Cetacea and the Oceanic Inhabitants of the Arctic Region
his credentials as follows:
of Natural History, Human, Vetinary, and Zoological Anatomy; Fellow of
the Westminster Medical, Royal Jennerian, and London Vaccine Societies;
Corresponding Member of the Worcestershire Natural History Society,
Honorary Member of the London Vetinary Society' before summarising some
of his publications.
A search of the
Internet reveals a range of his published works. They give a
flavour of his interests and include:
Books and pamphlets
A series of short letters
or brief reports appearing in compilations
- A Dissertation on Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathology by H.W.
Dewhurst, Esq., surgeon,
The Natural History Of The
Order Cetacea And The Oceanic Inhabitants Of The Arctic Region. by H.W.
- 1 Jan 1834) [Complete with chapter on two species of 'Sea Serpents',
the species illustrated, Ophiognathus ampullacens, is actually a Gulper
in Lambeth by H. W. Dewhurst, Surgeon.
- A Guide to Human and Comparative Phrenology. 1831, Dewhurst,
- Synoptic Tables of the Materia Medica by H.W.
[8 volumes, small]
- A Letter to the Right Hon. Robert Peel, on some of the
and Abuses existing in the present System of Medical
and Lecturer on Anatomy, p. 51. Highley, London,
- Practical remarks on the inutility of the Hydrostatic Test
Detection of Infanticide. By H. W. Dewhurst, Esq. Surgeon- Accoucheur,
&c. To which is added, Observations on the Employment
of a new Counter-irritant in the Cure of Diseases of the Chest., 1831
[Duodecimo, pp36, price 1s]
- A Physiological History of Man, tracing his gradual
the various stages of animal existence, from his first formation to the
destruction of his body By H. W. DEWHURST, Esq.
- Elements of Geology. By H. W. Dewhurst, Esq., Professor of
Natural Theology. (believed to be a book but may be less than
"Sailors on the First of May," The Table Book [His
given as Crescent-Street, Euston-Square]
- H.W.Dewhurst, "Efficacy of the Chloruret
of Lime as
a Disinfecting Agent," Mirror
9 (1827), 338.
- H.W.Dewhurst, "Remarks on Hermaphrodism,
in Man and
(Farrier and Naturalist) 3 (1830), 262
- H. W. Dewhurst, "Suggestion for the
Construction of a new Musical Instrument", The
Mechanics' Magazine, Museum,
Register, Journal, and Gazette, M. Salmon, 1833, v.18
(Oct. 1832-Mar. 1833), 364-365 [He styles
Professor of Zoology and Anatomy'. The instrument involved tubes of
various sizes blowing jets of burning hydrogen!]
- "Dewhurst's Apperatus for Illustrating
the Flux and Reflux of the Tides," Iron:
Weekly Journal for Iron and Steel Manufacturers, Metallurgists, Mine
Proprietors, Engineers, Shipbuilders, Scientists, Capitalists ...,
edited by Sholto Percy, Perry Fairfax Nursey, Published by
Knight and Lacey, 1831, v.14 1830-1831, 200-201
styles himself 'Surgeon, Professor of Human and Comparative Anatomy'
and dates the letter October 7, 1830]
- Observations on the Structure and Economy of the
Talpa Europaea. BY H. W. DEWHURST, ESQ. Surgeon, Processor of
Human and Comparative Anatomy, etc.,The
Farrier and Naturalist, 1829, Vol 2, 183-187 [Anatomy of
- On the Symptoms and Causes of Inflammation, The
Farrier and Naturalist,
1829, Vol 2, No 22, 153-155 [He styles himself DEWHURST,
Surgeon, P.M. W.S. Ec., Professor of Human and Comparative Anatomy,
Phrenology, and Zoology. Letter dated April 25, 1829]
- Observations on the Zoology and Comparative Anatomy
of the Skeleton of the Balænóptera Rórqual, or Broad-nosed
Whale, now exhibiting at the Pavilion, King's Mews, Charing
Cross., Magazine of
Natural History , 1832, , 214-233 [He styles
himself DEWHURST, Esq., Surgeon, Professor of Zoology and
Observations on the New System of warming Dwelling-houses, Cathedrals,
Churches, Theatres, and other Public Buildings, with Hot Water ;
together with a Description of the dangerous and uncertain Effects
produced by the Employment of heated Air ; to which is added, some
Remarks on the Importance of an equability of Temperature, and Cure of
Cholera and other Diseases. London, 1832. Printed for the Author, 8.
Oower Place, Euston Square. 2*. [advocating the use of circulating
water based central heating]
- James Barclay, Henry William
Dewhurst, A Complete and Universal English Dictionary, printed
J.F. and C. Rivington; B. Law and Son; G.G.J. and J.
Robinson; J. Sewell; H.L. Gardner [and 12 others in London], 1792
- A series of Engravings of the Human Bones and Muscles for
the use of Artists and Students
- An essay on the Minute Anatomy and Physiology of the
of Vision in Man and Animals
- A series of colour engravings of the Horse's Foot
His publications for 1835 include some connected with a short
lived learned society he established and was president of. One Charles
DEWHURST was treasurer.
- An Oration on the Objects, Advantages, and Pleasures of
Science, delivered on the First Anniversary of the Verulam
Philosophical Society of London, February 1835. By its
Founder, Henry William Dewhurst, Esq., F.W.N.H.S.
President and Director, Professor of Natural Theology,
- The Transactions of the Verulam Philosophical Society of
London, for 1834—5. Vol.1.
The obituary of Joshua BROOKES, Esq. F.R.S. in The Gentleman's Magazine
notes a dinner given on 25th June 1831 for his former students who had
destinguished themselves. He concluded by citing those whose
distinction was in the zoological field. These included one Professor
DEWHURST. (The Gentleman's Magazine, F. Jefferies, 1833, v.103
pt.1 1833, 184-185)
far as one can tell, he seems to have been reasonably regarded as an
academic, although a lot of his work seems rather derivative.
7 Jul 1805 one Henry William DEWHURST, born 9 Jun 1805 in Marylebone,
was christened at St James, Westminster. His parents were Henry Brier
DEWHURST and Elizabeth Sophia DEWHURST
On 11 May 1826 Mary
MAHONEY stood trial, "indicted for stealing, on the 20th of April , 1
tea spoon, value 3s.," property of one Elizabeth Sophia DEWHURST,
widow, of Upper Thornhaugh-street (now Huntley Street, Bloomsbury,
Camden, London WC 1E). Elizabeth's mother, one Sarah BULL, was called
as a witness. The spoon was said to be marked T.B. [The Proceeding of
the Old Bailey," database, The Proceeding of the Old
Bailey (http://www.oldbaileyonline.org : accessed 12 May 2013),
In 1827 Henry William DEWHURST was based at 24
Sidmouth Street, Gray’s Inn Lane where he lectured at his New Theatre
of Anatomy (A Lecture Introductory to the Study of Anatomy and
Physiology Delivered by Henry William Dewhurst...on Monday, October 1,
1827, at the New Theatre of Anatomy, 24, Sidmouth Street, Gray’s Inn
Lane, 1827; copy originally owned by Joseph Hume, UCL Special
In 1828 he is again listed at 24 Sidmouth Street
(L. Hebert ed, The Register of Arts, and Journal of Patent Inventions,
vol. I, 1828)
11 Mar 1829 he wrote from the Theatre of Human & Comparative
Anatomy‚ 4 Little Clarendon Street, to one T.Pollock‚ sending a copy of
his ‘Dictionary’ [of anatomy and physiology]‚ stating that “I am my own
publisher”‚ and inviting him to a lecture on the Circulation of the
blood in Man and Animals. (Offer for sale of a letter dated
signed H. W. Dewhurst, at http://www.historicalautographs.co.uk,
accessed 7 Aug 2011).
On 17 Feb 1840, The
Morning Chronicle (London,
England), Monday, February 17, 1840; Issue 21913., carried an appeal on
behalf of Professor DEWHURST, 'a deserving and truly learned man' and
his four children who were described as nearly starving. Henry having
been confined to his room for several months with ulcerated
The appeal was submitted for publication by one Henry BRIER and dated
Feb. 15, 1840.
He clearly recovered for on 4 Feb 1841 he was lecturing in
Oxford Journal (Oxford,
England), Saturday, February 6, 1841; Issue 4580. Though, all does not
seem to have been well and this illness looks as if it marked the start
of Henry's decline into fraudulent criminality.
On the 1841 Census he appears in Lambeth and gives his occupation as
In 1845 the
London Mendicity Society cautioned their subscribers and the public
against appeals from one H. W. Dewhurst, also known as
Professor DEWHURST, Dr DEWHURST, Dr DEW or Mr HURST. These solicited the
of a book or some other charity.
He had been writting similar letters for many years. The
Bristol Mercury (Bristol, England),
Saturday, September 27, 1845; Issue 2897
1847 The Liverpool Mercury stated 'The Plymouth Journal cautions the
benevolent against the applications of a person styling himself the
Professor Dewhurst who has been in the habit of writting the most
urgent letters to the Secreteries of Literary and Mechanic's
Mercury etc (Liverpool, England), Tuesday,
September 28, 1847; Issue 1925.
1847 the Rev. Dr. Henry DEWHURST
solicited the Mayor of Preston, as a
patron of Science, to buy his 'History of the Bible'. The article
cites DEWHURST's letter which
presents a pitiful picture (if
blanket, bed, bedding, table and chairs. Intends opening a school for
four boys when he can pay for four more forms, then he 'will establish
an evening scientific lecture for the support of his three destitute
motherless children (one fourteen, is slowly recovering from brain
fever).' He claimed his 'troubles arose from his own frequent illness,
the want of employment, and four and half years' illness of his
wife.' Lloyd's Weekly
England), Sunday, January 27, 1850; Issue 375.
1849, Henry William DEWHURST, aka The Rev. Dr. DEWHURST,
before a magistrate in Lambeth and described as a 'Swindling
Schismatical Preacher' who had carried on an 'very extensive and
lucrative trade' which the judge believed was put an end to. The
witness against the prisoner went down with Cholera and, as as he
could not be
brought to trial, Henry
with a prison sentence of two months hard labour. The
Era (London, England), Sunday, August 5,
1849; Issue 567.
On the 1851 Census he gives his profession as Schoolteacher and he was
In 1857 the Bristol and
Clifton Mendicity Society
were shown a letter from a Dr BRIERS in London. Instead of sending the
half crown requested the society made enquiries and found that
Dr BRIERS was well known 'as
levying contributions on
the charity under
the name of Dr. or Professor Dewhurst'. The Bristol
England), Saturday, March 21, 1857; Issue 3496.